Latest Research on Gender Studies : Nov 2021

Is the ‘F’-word still dirty? A past, present and future of/for feminist and gender studies in Organization

This article looks back at 20 years of feminist/gender theory in Organization. In these years a very rich variety of articles has drawn on feminist and gender perspectives. This suggests that Organization is a welcome site for exploring feminist and gender theories and their contribution to critical analysis of organizations. However, the more theoretically sophisticated work that is to be found in feminist and gender studies has not yet been explored in much depth. There is unfilled potential here. The article looks forward to the next decade by discussing a small selection from the treasure house of feminist theorists and concerns that could offer rich insights for management and organization theory. There are many others; this discussion introduces theorists who will be new to some readers, and might provoke more general interest in feminist thought. [1]



How are Anti-Gender Movements Changing Gender Studies as a Profession

Thank God for the Catholic Church!’, Fassin quotes an imagined gender studies expert, as the anti-gender movement is gaining momentum in France. My response reflects on an issue that remains unaddressed in this volume: what are the consequences of the increasing public exposure of gender studies as a profession due to the surge of anti-gender movements? Recently gender studies scholars can indeed not complain about the lack of wider social interest in their work – just the opposite is true. In Poland, ‘gender’ was chosen as the word of the year in 2013. The mailboxes of gender studies faculty members have been filled with emails with queries about their research and invitations to public debates in different media. Can the profession of academic feminism meet the expectations of what Fassin calls the ‘double exposure’, as anti-gender movements, demonstrations, and discourse brought not only national but also international recognition to gender studies scholars? And in what sense is this different from ‘mainstreaming’ gender, which has been the aim of gender studies professionals [2]



Intersectionality: How Gender Studies Might Inspire the Analysis of Social Inequality among Migrants

The paper discusses the possible impact of the intersectionality approach on the study of inequality and the inclusion/exclusion of migrants. Developed from recent strands of gender studies performing a ‘social re-turn’, the focus on intersectionality promises to solve one of the fundamental problems of migration research: how to reconcile structure and agency without promoting cultural essentialism. Rooted in social theory, it makes a case for non-finalised empirical and theoretical reconstructions of the social practice of migrants. In doing so, it also queries preconceived notions of community, ethnicity, and everyday culture that are abundant in migration studies. By linking the state-of-the-art of inequality studies with migration, promising starting points and conditions of a future integration of a focus on intersectionality into migration studies are considered. [3]


Risky Sexual Behaviour among University Students

Introduction: Early sexual debut, having multiple sex partners, and non-use of condoms are some of the risky sexual behaviors among young people that makes them vulnerable to many health problems such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Methods: A cross-sectional quantitative survey was utilized in this study.  Eight hundred and fifty nine undergraduate students were surveyed in classrooms selected through a stratified random sample procedure. Data was collected using a self-administered questionnaire in a class room situation. The questionnaire included the Health and Behaviour Survey, National College Health Risk Behavior Survey and the Global School Health Survey.

Results: The results showed that male students were more likely to report having had more than one sexual partner. However, they were more consistent in condom use compared to female students. The study also revealed that students in the fourth (final) year were more likely to report having experienced sexually transmitted infections than those in the first year.

Conclusion: The study revealed that having multiple sex partners increased with advancement in university years attained with more males likely to report having had more than one sexual partner. Consistent condom use was generally low with students in the senior years reporting to have contracted an STI.[4]


Safety of Cupping Therapy in Studies Conducted in Twenty One Century: A Review of Literature

Background: Cupping therapy is a well-known traditional treatment modality, and has been used in various diseases around the world since ancient times. This method is reported to have a better clinical as well as adverse events (AEs) profile as found in various studies conducted around the world.

Aim: This study identifies, assesses, and classifies the adverse events profile of various types of cupping therapies in studies conducted in twenty one century.

Methods: Using electronic and hand searches, three databases including Pub Med, Google Scholar and Cochrane library were searched from the year 2000 to 2016. Studies were included in this review provided they reported adverse effects related to cupping therapy. Observational studies were assessed using the WHO-UMC causality scale. Randomized controlled trials were assessed in accordance to the quality of reporting for harm data.

Results: Nine hundred seventy nine (n=979) articles were identified. Based on exclusion and inclusion criteria and extensive review of all retrieved articles by two independent reviewers, only 25 studies that included six RCTs, sixteen single case reports and three case series were finally selected. The mostly observed adverse events of cupping therapy were scar formation reported in four studies that described fifty nine cases, and burns reported in two studies described sixteen cases, respectively. The adverse events of cupping therapy could be classified into local and systemic adverse events.

Conclusion: Cupping therapy adverse events were infrequently reported, but they were not rare. Most of adverse effects were mild to moderate in severity. Some of the cupping therapy adverse events were preventable by following the general infection control guidelines, hygienic techniques, safety protocols and rigorous training of cupping therapists. Cupping adverse events should be reported in all studies on cupping, and this therapy should be practiced only by qualified medical professionals.[5]

Reference 

[1] Harding, N., Ford, J. and Fotaki, M., 2013. Is the ‘F’-word still dirty? A past, present and future of/for feminist and gender studies in Organization. Organization, 20(1), pp.51-65.

[2] Peto, A., 2017. How are anti-gender movements changing gender studies as a profession. Religion and Gender, 6(2).

[3] Bürkner, H.J., 2012. Intersectionality: How gender studies might inspire the analysis of social inequality among migrants. Population, space and place, 18(2), pp.181-195.

[4] Menon, J.A., Mwaba, S.O., Thankian, K. and Lwatula, C., 2016. Risky sexual behaviour among university students. International STD Research & Reviews, pp.1-7.

[5] Al-Bedah, A.M., Shaban, T., Suhaibani, A., Gazzaffi, I., Khalil, M. and Qureshi, N.A., 2016. Safety of cupping therapy in studies conducted in twenty one century: a review of literature. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, pp.1-12.

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