Newsletter on Atmospheric Science: August-2018

Volcanic Microbes Reveal How Humans Adjusted To Atmosphere Change

Ancient microbes that thrive in a number of the world’s most extreme environments and contemporary humans have a lot of in common than meets the attention — particularly, they each respire and conserve energy employing a similar molecular mechanism, one that has custom-made to dynamical environmental conditions over billions of years.

The findings, revealed these days in Cell by scientists at Van Andel analysis Institute (VARI), University of Georgia (UGA) and Washington State University, detail the structure of MBH, a molecular advanced concerned in microbic respiration. The near-atomic resolution pictures square measure the primary ever of MBH and show that its structure is remarkably kind of like its counterpart in humans, Complex I. [1]

The Historical Heart of Atmospheric Science

The cover of the Sept 2017 issue of the Bulletin of the yankee earth science Society options a schematic of a rotating tank that demonstrates Hadley cells of atmospherical circulation. The cover-story article, “Virtually increased Fluid Laboratories for Teaching Meteorology” by Lodovica Illari, John Marshall, and W.D. McKenna of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), describes the “Weather in an exceedingly Tank” laboratory supported a physical and computer-generated simulation derived from a current cylinder equipment. The laboratory “illustrates however basic principles of rotating fluid dynamics form the determined structure of atmospherical circulation. [2]

An Overview of UAS Used in NASA Atmospheric Science Investigations

NASA’s unmanned  aerial systems (UAS) are utilised in several science missions, going all the means back to 1993. a number of these missions have targeted imaging (fire, vegetation) and surface measurements, however several are applied to region analysis, each physical (dynamics, weather, etc.) and chemical (e.g., composition). NASA’s largest UAS, the worldwide Hawk, has been accustomed study region composition at the tropical layer within the mobile Tropical layer EXperiment (ATTREX) mission, wherever the good thing about the UAS was long vary and particularly length of up to twenty four hours. alternative region missions enclosed international Hawk Pacific (GloPac), the primary region chemistry mission, and Genesis and speedy Intensification Processes (GRIP), the primary cyclone mission. [3]

Parallel data analysis for atmospheric science

Data sizes ar growing in region science, as climate models increase to higher resolutions to enhance the illustration of region phenomena, and bigger numbers of ensemble  members ar used therefore on higher capture the variability within the atmosphere. New ways have to be compelled to be developed to handle the increasing size information|of knowledge|of information} – ancient analysis scripts usually inefficiently scan and method data, resulting in excessive analysis times. analysis into massive knowledge  analysis usually focuses on providing solutions within the kind of software package, or hardware, instead of  providing quantitative results on what factors will scale back performance in associate application. This  thesis quantitatively investigates these factors within the software-hardware stack, so as to form selections a way to handle massive knowledge sizes throughout application development and knowledge management. this can be exhausted the context of associate region science work flow in a very superior  computing atmosphere. [4]

Microbiological Properties and Population Dynamics of Atmosphere in Mesotidal Estuarine of Iko River, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

The microbiological properties and population dynamics of atmosphere in mesotidal estuarial of Iko stream were investigated victimization commonplace microbiological and analytical procedures. The results unconcealed that the densities of culturable microbes within the body of water were influenced by periodic event regimes. Their abundance varied between each tides also as locations. Proportionately additional flora isolates were found within the estuarial air. There was a big correlation (r = zero.717, p < 0.05) between the entire heterotrophic bacterium within the atmosphere and wind speed, and between the fungi within the atmosphere and wind speed (r = zero.799) throughout high water, indicating that increase in wind speed resulted in an exceedingly corresponding impact in heterotrophic microorganism and flora counts throughout high water. A comparison of the relation between region temperature and microbic load showed very little or no correlation (r =0.30). The results of the air quality attributes of Iko body of water throughout tide and high water showed that the standard of air within the estuarial atmosphere was affected. The air quality within the estuarial atmosphere was comparatively “clean” and wholesome as most criteria airlike pollutants (HCN, NO2, SO2) except CO and SPM were below detectable limits and inside the FMENV and United Nations agency acceptable limits. [5]

Reference

[1] Volcanic Microbes Reveal How Humans Adjusted To Atmosphere Change

(web link)

[2] The Historical Heart of Atmospheric Science

Sadar AJ. The Historical Heart of Atmospheric Science. (web link)

[3] An Overview of UAS Used in NASA Atmospheric Science Investigations

Schoenung S, Fladeland MM, Cutler FW, Cahill SA. An Overview of UAS Used in NASA Atmospheric Science Investigations. InAGU Fall Meeting Abstracts 2017 Dec. (web link)

[4] Parallel data analysis for atmospheric science

Jones M. Parallel data analysis for atmospheric science(Doctoral dissertation, University of Reading). (web link)

[5] Microbiological Properties and Population Dynamics of Atmosphere in Mesotidal Estuarine of Iko River, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

C. I. Udosen1, J. P. Essien1, S. I. Umana2*, U. E. Ekong1 and A. J. Nkanang3

1Department of Microbiology, University of Uyo, Nigeria.

2Department of Biological Sciences, Akwa Ibom State University, Nigeria.

3Department of Microbiology, University of Calabar, Nigeria. (web link)

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