News Release on Pollination Research: September-2018

The World’s First Pollinating Drone Could Help Us Survive The Bee-Pocalypse

Researchers have developed a pilotless insect employing a miniature drone equipped with a sticky gel, in what may be a glimpse of the long-term as

With extinction pressures on bees and therefore the world’s alternative natural pollinators calculable to threaten up to US$577 billion prices of world food production annually, artificial pollinators may be a technique of taking the burden off insects and alternative animals that play a crucial role in agriculture. [1]

Pollination ecology and the functional significance of unusual floral traits in two South African stapeliads.

Carrion and dung mimicking plants usually exhibit uncommon floral traits that are believed to draw in necro- and coprophagous insects as pollinators. Our understanding of those uncommon traits and their functions is extremely restricted. Stapeliads (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae: Stapeliinae) are a monophyletic cluster of some four hundred species of stem-succulent plants, several of that emit foul odors and exhibit uncommon morphological traits that have anecdotally been assumed to represent diversifications to boost the flowers’ similitude to carrion or dung. This study checked out the impregnation biology of 2 stapeliads, Orbea volt-ampereiegata and herbaceous plant hirsuta var. hirsuta, and explored the purposeful significance of a number of the floral traits usually related to carrion or dung mimicking flowers. Further, odors emitted by each species were compared to the odours of reputed models to explore the chemical basis for the assumed mimicry. [2]

The Effect of Pollination Models on Yield of Red Pitaya (Hylocereus polyrhizus)

Red pitaya is obtaining additional widespread in Indonesia recently collectively of high inhibitor sources with a promising amount. However, the assembly of this CAM plant is restricted by low success share of its natural fecundation and self-incompatibility issues. Therefore, artificial fecundation is needed to beat these issues and increase its yield. This study was aimed to gauge the result of fecundation models towards the yield of red pitaya. This study was conducted mistreatment randomized block style with 3 fecundation models applied into 9 teams. fecundation models used were open fecundation (P1), hand-self-pollination (P2) and hand-cross fecundation (P3). [3]

Design of an Autonomous Precision Pollination Robot

Precision robotic fertilization systems cannot solely fill the gap of declining natural pollinators, however may also surpass them in potency and uniformity, serving to feed the aggressive human population on Earth. This paper presents the look associate degreed current development of an autonomous golem named “BrambleBee”, that aims at pollinating ligneous plant plants in a greenhouse setting. partly impressed by the ecology and behavior of bees, bumblebee employs progressive localization and mapping, beholding, path coming up with, motion management, associate degreed manipulation techniques to form an economical and strong autonomous fertilization system. [4]

Effect of Incomplete Pollination on the Physical Quality Attributes of Apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) cv. Red Delicious

An investigation was dole out at the business grove, Shalimar (Jammu & Kashmir) throughout 2016-17 to search out out the impact of various stigma excision levels (incomplete pollination) on the physical characteristics of Apple fruit (Malus × domestica Borkh.) cv. Red Delicious. The six treatments were pinching off zero, 1, 2, 3, 4, or five designs below the stigma from every of forty flowers per facet. The remaining stigmata were hand-pollinated on the second day following treatment. Flowers were pollinated with Yellow Delicious pollens. solely flowers with 5 stigmata were used and every flower was thought-about Associate in Nursing experimental unit. [5]

Reference

[1] The World’s First Pollinating Drone Could Help Us Survive The Bee-Pocalypse

PETER DOCKRILL, 11 FEB 2017 (web link)

[2] Pollination ecology and the functional significance of unusual floral traits in two South African stapeliads.

du Plessis M. Pollination ecology and the functional significance of unusual floral traits in two South African stapeliads (Doctoral dissertation). (web link)

[3] The Effect of Pollination Models on Yield of Red Pitaya (Hylocereus polyrhizus)

Renfield R. The Effect of Pollination Models on Yield of Red Pitaya (Hylocereus polyrhizus). JERAMI Indonesian Journal of Crop Sciences. 2018 Aug 30;1(1):19-24. (web link)

[4] Design of an Autonomous Precision Pollination Robot

Ohi N, Lassak K, Watson R, Strader J, Du Y, Yang C, Hedrick G, Nguyen J, Harper S, Reynolds D, Kilic C. Design of an Autonomous Precision Pollination Robot. arXiv preprint arXiv:1808.10010. 2018 Aug 29. (web link)

[5] Effect of Incomplete Pollination on the Physical Quality Attributes of Apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) cv. Red Delicious

Ejaz Ahmad Parray1*, Munib Ur Rehman1, Syed Sami Ullah1, Mohammed Touseef Ali1, Tariq A. Bhat2, Ishfaq Rafiq3 and Ghulam Hassan4

1Division of Fruit Science, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology (SKUAST), Kashmir, 190025, India.

2Division of Vegetable Science, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology (SKUAST), Kashmir, 190025, India.

3Division of Entomology, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology (SKUAST), Kashmir, 190025, India.

4Division of Plant Pathology, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology (SKUAST), Kashmir, 190025, India. (web link)

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