Latest Research on Poverty Level : May 2020

Vaccination coverage by race/ethnicity and poverty level among children aged 19-35 months– United States, 1996.

The Childhood Immunization Initiative (CII), implemented in 1993, is an intensive program to increase vaccination coverage among preschool-aged children and to reduce or eliminate vaccine-preventable diseases. In 1996, national coverage goals were achieved for 2-year-old children for the most critical doses of each routinely recommended vaccine. Disparities in vaccination coverage have been documented previously among different racial/ethnic groups. This report presents findings from CDC’s National Immunization Survey (NIS), which document progress toward achieving the 1996 CII vaccination coverage goals by racial/ethnic group and by level of poverty. The findings indicate that, for each of five racial/ethnic groups, most of the national CII vaccination coverage goals were met and that, based on poverty level, all the goals were met for children living at or above the poverty level, and two of the five goals were met for children living below the poverty level. [1]

Health-Promoting Lifestyles and Exercise: A Comparison of Older African American Women above and below Poverty Level

The purpose of this study was to compare the health-promoting behaviors and exercise behaviors of older African American women above and below poverty level. Fifty-eight African American women completed a demographic form and the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP). Results indicated that African American women living above the poverty level had higher overall scores on the total HPLP and higher scores on the exercise subscale of the HPLP than women living below poverty level. Implications include teaching culturally specific, practical, and inexpensive exercise activities in primary care and community settings. [2]

Poverty Level and School Performance: Using Contextual and Self-Report Measures to Inform Intervention

Delineating how the social context affects their school clients may be difficult for many school social workers. This article presents a simple statistical approach, accessible to master’s-level practitioners, to incorporate the effect of the social context of poverty in intervention planning. [3]

Effect of Petroleum Subsidy Removal on Poverty Level in Kogi State, Nigeria
In every economy, government policy interventions are aimed at among other objectives, improving the welfare of citizenry bearing in mind the prevailing conditions. With the increase in misery index it became imperative for government to put in place policy meant to provide safety nets for the poor. [4]

Determinants of Poverty among Groundnut Farming Households in Jigawa State, Nigeria

This research was undertaken to investigate the determinants of poverty among groundnut farming households in Jigawa State. Primary data were obtained through the use of well-structured questionnaire from a sample size of 227 groundnut farming households. The data were analyzed using Foster-Greer-Thorbecke’s (FGT) Weighted Poverty Index and Tobit regression model. The results of the (FGT) Weighted Poverty Index showed that the poverty headcount, poverty gap and poverty severity of poor groundnut farming households were 42%, 46% and 77% respectively using an estimated poverty line of 46,320.53. [5]

Reference

[1] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 1997. Vaccination coverage by race/ethnicity and poverty level among children aged 19-35 months–United States, 1996. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 46(41), p.963.

[2] Brady, B. and Nies, M.A., 1999. Health-promoting lifestyles and exercise: A comparison of older African American women above and below poverty level. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 17(2), pp.197-207.

[3] Chapman, M.V., 2003. Poverty level and school performance: Using contextual and self-report measures to inform intervention. Children & Schools25(1), pp.5-17.

[4] J. Temidayo, O., Peter, A. and Onuche, E. (2016) “Effect of Petroleum Subsidy Removal on Poverty Level in Kogi State, Nigeria”, Asian Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting, 1(3), pp. 1-11. doi: 10.9734/AJEBA/2016/29604.

[5] KP, D. and GZ, R. (2014) “Determinants of Poverty among Groundnut Farming Households in Jigawa State, Nigeria”, Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 4(3), pp. 224-230. doi: 10.9734/AJAEES/2015/13539.

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