Latest Research News on Household Income: Jan – 2020

Household Income and Child Schooling in Vietnam

The stronger are the associations between household income and child schooling, the lower is intergenerational social mobility and therefore the less equal is opportunity. This study estimates the associations between household income and children’s school success in Vietnam. The estimates indicate that these associations are considerable. for instance , the income elasticity of completed grades is five times the median estimate of earlier studies. Moreover, this association is strongest for grades completed per annum of faculty , not for completed grades, on which most of the previous literature has focused. There are some gender differences, the foremost important being a smaller association between income and grades completed per annum of faculty for boys than for women. This difference implies that schooling of women is treated as more of a luxury (less of a necessity) than is schooling of boys. [1]

Modelling household income dynamics

This paper is about income and poverty dynamics and their socioeconomic correlates. the primary half the paper aims to determine a number of the salient facts for Britain, applying the pioneering methods of Bane and Ellwood (1986). Important for poverty dynamics are changes in labour earnings from persons aside from the household head, changes in non-labour income (including benefits), and changes in household composition, additionally to changes within the heads’ labour earnings. The last half of the paper may be a review and critique of the multivariate modelling frameworks which could be wont to explain and forecast these salient facts for Britain or elsewhere. [2]

The Effect of Income Taxes on Household Income

Research on the distribution of income during the 1980s has identified a trend towards increasing inequality, which can be the continuation and acceleration of trends spanning several decades. This paper explores to what extent behavioral responses to the tax changes during the 1980s can also explain the rising inequality. The 1986 Tax Reform Act is employed as a natural experiment to explore the roles played by both taxes and a spread of nontax factors. Our principal finding is that both tax rates and nontax factors appear to possess had significant effects on relative income growth during the late 1980s. [3]

Opposite associations of household income with adolescent body mass index according to migrant status: Hong Kong’s “Children of 1997” birth cohort

Background/objectives: In economically developed settings, household income is typically inversely related to child and adolescent adiposity, but this association might not reach migrants. Hong Kong may be a unique developed setting to review how household income and adolescent adiposity vary by migrant status given many Hong Kong-born Chinese children were born to oldsters who migrated from neighboring provinces of China. [4]

Contributions of African Bird’s Eye Chilli (Capsicum frutescens) to Household Income of Smallholder Farmers in Northern Uganda: A Case Study of Paicho Sub-County

African Bird’s Eye Chilli, a non-traditional export crop in Uganda, is becoming a crucial crop to the agricultural farmers. Its growth potential remains unexploited. Rural farmers derive their livelihoods from the land, but there are limited high valued crops for export and chilli presents the choice to diversification. This study focused on the adoption and contribution of chilli to the household income of rural farmers. a complete of 100 households were selected randomly, given chilli seeds and trained in basic agronomic practices of growing chilli in Paicho Sub-county. Sixty households grew the crop on a mean of 0.158 acres and obtained a mean yield of 103 kgs of dried chilli. The households realized a mean income of 781,400 UGX. Before chilli production, average income from farming activities was 1,028,900 UGX and overall average total annual income was 1,672,000 UGX per household. [5]

Reference

[1] Behrman, J.R. and Knowles, J.C., 1999. Household income and child schooling in Vietnam. The World Bank Economic Review, 13(2), (Web Link)

[2] Jenkins, S.P., 2000. Modelling household income dynamics. Journal of population economics, 13(4), (Web Link)

[3] Auten, G. and Carroll, R., 1999. The effect of income taxes on household income. Review of economics and statistics, 81(4), (Web Link)

[4] Opposite associations of household income with adolescent body mass index according to migrant status: Hong Kong’s “Children of 1997” birth cohort
Man Ki Kwok, C. Mary Schooling, S. V. Subramanian, Gabriel M. Leung & Ichiro Kawachi
International Journal of Obesity volume 42, (Web Link)

[5] Acaye, G. and Odongo, J. C. W. (2018) “Contributions of African Bird’s Eye Chilli (Capsicum frutescens) to Household Income of Smallholder Farmers in Northern Uganda: A Case Study of Paicho Sub-County”, Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 23(2), (Web Link)

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