Latest News on Land Use Research: Oct – 2019

Global Consequences of Land Use

Land use has usually been thought of an area environmental issue, however it’s changing into a force of worldwide importance. Worldwide changes to forests, farmlands, waterways, and air square measure being driven by the requirement to produce food, fiber, water, and shelter to over six billion folks. international croplands, pastures, plantations, and concrete areas have dilated in recent decades, in the middle of massive will increase in energy, water, and fertiliser consumption, beside appreciable losses of diversity. Such changes in land use have enabled humans to applicable associate increasing share of the planet’s resources, however they additionally probably undermine the capability of ecosystems to sustain food production, maintain fresh and forest resources, regulate climate and air quality, and ameliorate infectious diseases. we have a tendency to face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human wants and maintaining the capability of the region to produce merchandise and services within the long run. [1]

How Accessibility Shapes Land Use

An empirical examination of the residential development patterns illustrates that accessibility and therefore the convenience of vacant developable land is used because the basis of a residential land use model. The author presents associate degree operational definition and suggests a technique for determinative accessibility patterns among metropolitan areas. this can be a method of distributing forecasted metropolitan population to tiny areas among the metropolitan region. though the model conferred isn’t nonetheless sufficiently well refined for estimating functions, the idea and therefore the approach could also be doubtless helpful tools for metropolitan designing functions. [2]

Location and land use. Toward a general theory of land rent.

This book develops a general theory of land values and land uses in cities and regions. the speculation of rent, that had been expressly developed just for agriculture, is extended to the urban case. Earlier studies sometimes assumed, by easy analogy to agricultural rent theory, that rents and transport prices ar enhances. this study makes clear that the link is additional complicated, involving variations in size of web site, tastes, income, profits, and different prices. The author discusses such topics because the location and density of residences and corporations, agricultural rent, and therefore the equilibrium structure of land values and land uses in urban and rural regions. [3]

Intensity and Stationarity Analysis of Land Use Change Based on CART Algorithm

Land use directly reflects degree of human development and utilization of land. Intensity analysis of land use could be a quantitative technique to research land use changes. during this paper, land use changes in city were studied mistreatment Thematic clerk (TM) remote sensing pictures in 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and Operational Land Imager (OLI) remote sensing image in 2015. Land use data was extracted mistreatment call tree classification technique supported CART (Classification and Regression Trees) rule. This paper introduced land use intensity analysis to research its modify and stationarity, severally at interval, class and transition levels. [4]

Geospatial Modeling and Prediction of Land Use/Cover Dynamics in Onitsha Metropolis, Nigeria: A Sub-pixel Approach

Based on a sub-pixel approach, this study analysed the Land Use/Cover (LU/C) dynamics of Onitsha Metropolis in Anambra State, Nigeria. Landsat TM/ETM+ satellite imageries of 1986, 2001 and 2016 were characterised into totally different LU/Cs victimization Ridd’s Vegetation, run-resistant Surface, Soil and Water (VIS-W) model via Linear Spectral Mixture Analysis (LSMA). LU/C endmember fractions obtained were hardened to supply the ultimate LU/C maps of the study space, per study years thought-about. Cellular Automata Andre Markoff (Ca-Markov) chain and therefore the Land modification modeller (LCM) were accustomed predict future LU/C for the year 2031 and the transition of every LU/C classes between 2016 and 2031, severally. Also, the Chi-square check was accustomed test the importance of modification in LU/C fractions between 2016 and 2031. ArcGIS 10.5, Idrisi tropical rain forest and applied math Package for scientific discipline (SPSS 22) were accustomed perform the analyses. [5]

Reference

[1] Foley, J.A., DeFries, R., Asner, G.P., Barford, C., Bonan, G., Carpenter, S.R., Chapin, F.S., Coe, M.T., Daily, G.C., Gibbs, H.K. and Helkowski, J.H., 2005. Global consequences of land use. science, 309(5734), (Web Link)

[2] Hansen, W.G., 1959. How accessibility shapes land use. Journal of the American Institute of planners, 25(2), (Web Link)

[3] Alonso, W., 1964. Location and land use. Toward a general theory of land rent. Location and land use. Toward a general theory of land rent. (Web Link)

[4] Intensity and Stationarity Analysis of Land Use Change Based on CART Algorithm
Xiao Sang, Qiaozhen Guo, Xiaoxu Wu, Ying Fu, Tongyao Xie, Chengwei He & Jinlong Zang
Scientific Reports volume 9, Article number: 12279 (2019) (Web Link)

[5] Onwuka, S. U., Eneche, P. S. U. and Ismail, N. A. (2017) “Geospatial Modeling and Prediction of Land Use/Cover Dynamics in Onitsha Metropolis, Nigeria: A Sub-pixel Approach”, Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 22(6), (Web Link)

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