Latest News on Eye Clinic Research: Nov – 2019

Pattern of Uveitis in a Referral Eye Clinic in North India

Purpose: To report the pattern of inflammation in a very north Indian tertiary eye center.

Methods: A retrospective study was done to spot the pattern of inflammation in a very inflammation clinic population of a serious referral center in north Asian country from Gregorian calendar month 1996 to Gregorian calendar month 2001. a customary clinical protocol, the “naming and meshing” approach with tailored laboratory investigations, was used for the ultimate identification.

Results: 1233 patients were enclosed within the study; 641 (51.98%) were males and 592 (48.01%) females move in age from one.5 to seventy five years. The anterior inflammation was seen in 607 patients (49.23%) followed by posterior inflammation (247 patients, 20.23%), intermediate inflammation (198 patients, 16.06%) and panuveitis (181 patients, 14.68%). a particular identification might be established in 602 patients (48.82%). The infective aetiology was seen in 179 patients, of that TB was the most typical cause in a hundred twenty five patients followed by infection (21 patients, 11.7%). Non-infectious aetiology was seen in 423 patients, of that rheumatoid spondylitis was the most typical cause in eighty patients followed by sepigionous choroidopathy (62 patients, 14.65%) .

Conclusion: TB and infection were the most typical variety of infective inflammation, whereas rheumatoid spondylitis and serpiginous choroidopathy were unremarkably seen because the non-infective causes of inflammation in North Asian country. [1]

Adenovirus Type 8 Epidemic Keratoconjunctivitis in an Eye Clinic: Risk Factors and Control

Epidemic inflammation (EKC) because of animal virus sort eight affected 126 (7%) of 1870 medical specialty clinic patients throughout an endemic. Risk factors and mode of transmission were studied by scrutiny cases (n = 58) and controls (n = 200) for exposure to risk factors. Pneumotonometry (odds magnitude relation [OR], 10.5; ninety fifth confidence interval [CI], 4.0-27.7), multiple clinic visits (OR, 5.9; 95% CI, 3.3-10.6), and get in touch with with associate infected medical practitioner (OR, 3.3; 95% CI, 1.2-9.0) were vital risk factors for infection. The hands of three patients and three physicians with EKC were polite before and when hand laundry to assess animal virus removal; 3 had hand cultures positive for adenovirus after hand washing. lastly, this happening perceived to ensue to inadequate medical care of instruments, particularly pneumotonometers, and finger-to-eye transmission by health care staff. Hand laundry didn’t dependably take away animal virus from contaminated fingers. [2]

Variability of measurements of visual acuity in a large eye clinic.

PURPOSE:The aim of this study was to work out the variability of visual modality during a giant clinic. METHODS:A cross-sectional study mistreatment fifty, consecutively presenting adult patients with visual modality of a minimum of 6/60 and aged between eighteen and seventy five years was performed. Measurements of visual modality obtained below traditional clinical conditions were compared to measurements obtained mistreatment customary clinical analysis protocols. The variability of visual modality was assessed by determinative the ninety fifth limits of agreement between check and retest measures. RESULTS:There were no important variations between test-retest measurements of visual modality, either power-assisted or unaided. Pearson r correlation coefficients between check and retest measurements were high for each power-assisted and unaided visual modality. The ninety fifth limits of agreement discovered repeatability of regarding 1.5 logMAR or one.5 lines on a typical logMAR chart. CONCLUSION:In giant eye clinics, so as to be assured that a true amendment in visual modality has occurred between measurements, a distinction of a minimum of zero.15 logMAR (8 letters on a typical logMAR visual modality chart) is needed. [3]

Why are new patients coming to the eye clinic? An analysis of the relative frequencies of ophthalmic disease amongst new patients attending hospital eye clinics in two separate locations

We have analysed sixty four 417 patient-attendances by fifty six 409 patients to a frenzied ophthalmic new patient service to assess the demographic and medicine parameters of this population. cardinal purpose 5 per cent were male and fifty six.5% female. 9 per cent of patients were below sixteen years mature whereas twenty seven.5% were over seventy years. Comparison of patients attending Associate in Nursing stretch new patient clinic therewith at the most hospital showed that the next proportion of patients below sixteen years were seen at the outreach clinic. [4]

Evaluation of Presbyopia in a Peripheral Eye Clinic in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Background: Uncorrected longsightedness could be a vital and increasing explanation for visual incapacity globally. longsightedness is that the decline of the focusing ability of the lens thanks to loss of snap that makes it less effective in accommodation. longsightedness is primarily age-related and because the world’s population will increase, ages and becomes additional literate, cases of longsightedness correspondingly rises.

Aim: to guage the distribution of longsightedness among patients WHO given at DDS Eye Centre and Surgery, Port Harcourt over a three year amount of study.

Methods: A hospital-based study from Jan 2014 to December 2016. All the patients diagnosed with longsightedness WHO consented were recruited during this study. The patients’ ages, gender, relevant past medical and ocular history was recorded. Their refraction was done objectively with Rekto ORK eleven automobile Ref-Keratometer and later subjectively refined. longsightedness was outlined if subjects were world organisationable to scan N6 optotype with distance correction and if they were able to read a minimum of a new line with the addition of a and lens. information were analysed with applied math package for social sciences (SPSS) twenty. [5]

Reference

[1] Singh, R., Gupta, V. and Gupta, A., 2004. Pattern of uveitis in a referral eye clinic in north India. Indian journal of ophthalmology, 52(2), (Web Link)

[2] Jernigan, J.A., Lowry, B.S., Hayden, F.G., Kyger, S.A., Conway, B.P., Groschel, D.H. and Farr, B.M., 1993. Adenovirus type 8 epidemic keratoconjunctivitis in an eye clinic: risk factors and control. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 167(6), (Web Link)

[3] Siderov, J. and Tiu, A.L., 1999. Variability of measurements of visual acuity in a large eye clinic. Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, 77(6), (Web Link)

[4] Why are new patients coming to the eye clinic? An analysis of the relative frequencies of ophthalmic disease amongst new patients attending hospital eye clinics in two separate locations
Charles Claoué, Alex Foss, Rod Daniel & Bob Cooling
Eye volume 11, (Web Link)

[5] Ejimadu, C. S., Onua, A. A. and Ani, E. (2017) “Evaluation of Presbyopia in a Peripheral Eye Clinic in Port Harcourt, Nigeria”, Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 22(6), (Web Link)

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