Latest News on Environmental Biotechnology: March-2020

Aromatic hydrocarbon dioxygenases in environmental biotechnology

Aromatic hydrocarbon dioxygenases belong to a large family of Rieske non-heme iron oxygenases. The dioxygenases have a broad substrate specificity and catalyze enantiospecific reactions with a wide range of substrates. These characteristics make them attractive synthons for the production of industrially and medically important chiral chemicals and also provide essential information for the development of bioremediation technology. [1]

Metal accumulation by fungi: Applications in environmental biotechnology

Fungi can accumulate metal and radionuclide species by physico-chemical and biological mechanisms including extracellular binding by metabolites and biopolymers, binding to specific polypeptides and metabolism-dependent accumulation. [2]

Microbial ecology to manage processes in environmental biotechnology

Microbial ecology and environmental biotechnology are inherently tied to each other. The concepts and tools of microbial ecology are the basis for managing processes in environmental biotechnology; and these processes provide interesting ecosystems to advance the concepts and tools of microbial ecology. Revolutionary advancements in molecular tools to understand the structure and function of microbial communities are bolstering the power of microbial ecology. [3]

Archaea Domain as Biocatalyst in Environmental Biotechnology and Industrial Applications: A Review

Achaea constitute a considerable fraction of the prokaryotes which colonize marine and terrestrial ecosystem especially in the extreme environments. These microorganisms play crucial roles and contribute significant impacts on global energy cycles. In fact, the extremophilic characteristics acquired by many archaeans display unusual properties of adaptations to extreme conditions which make them a potentially valuable resource in exploring new biotechnological processes and a wide range of industrial applications.[4]

Modern Approaches to Classification of Biotechnology as a Part of NBIC-Technologies for Bioeconomy

Aims: The aim of the article is to systematize and improve existing theoretical approaches to the classification of biotechnology as a part of NBIC-technologies for bioeconomy. Study Design: The reviews were carried out in the period 2005–15 on the basis of studying the world countries biotechnologies development trends as well as on the basis of the research results obtained by World and Ukrainian institutions and universities. Place and Duration of Study: Department of International Economic Relations and Tourism Business of VN Karazin Kharkiv National University conducted the research between January 2016 and June 2016. [5]

 

Reference

[1] Gibson, D.T. and Parales, R.E., 2000. Aromatic hydrocarbon dioxygenases in environmental biotechnology. Current opinion in biotechnology, 11(3), pp.236-243.

[2] Tobin, J.M., White, C. and Gadd, G.M., 1994. Metal accumulation by fungi: applications in environmental biotechnology. Journal of Industrial Microbiology13(2), pp.126-130.

[3] Rittmann, B.E., 2006. Microbial ecology to manage processes in environmental biotechnology. TRENDS in Biotechnology24(6), pp.261-266.

[4] Kassim, M.A., Hashim, N.H.F. and Yusof, N.A., 2017. Archaea Domain as Biocatalyst in Environmental Biotechnology and Industrial Applications: A Review. Journal of Advances in Microbiology, pp.1-21.

[5] Matyushenko, I., Sviatukha, I. and Grigorova-Berenda, L., 2016. Modern Approaches to Classification of Biotechnology as a Part of NBIC-Technologies for Bioeconomy. Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, pp.1-14.

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